Until very recently neurologists and brain scientists largely ignored glial cells, even though they outnumber neurons nine to one. Glial cells were believed to be mostly involved in protecting neurons and general housekeeping. Recent research suggests that glial cells are involved in imagination and may actually do the thinking while neurons are mostly involved in reflexes. To learn more, click on this link to a Scientific American interview with Daniel Kloob, the author of a new book on glial cells, The Root of Thought, which offers insights and new hope for those suffering from diseases of the brain.
The traditional CSF (cerebro-spinal fluid) model is being increasingly challenged in view of recent scientific evidences. The established model presumes that CSF is (1) primarily produced in the choroid plexuses, (2) then flows from the ventricles to the subarachnoid spaces, and (3) is mainly reabsorbed into lymph vessels or arachnoid villi. This model is seemingly based on hundred years of faulty research and misinterpretations. The consequences of this complete reformulation of CSF hydro-dynamics can influence applications in manual treatments.
Click link below to read the peer-reviewed journal article: Reassessing Cerebro-Spinal Fluid (CSF) Hydrodynamics A Literature Review Presenting a Novel Hypothesis for CSF Physiology, The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA), 2013